From the standpoint that safety is the foundation of our business, we take the various measures to ensure safety in the shipping business.
We would like to introduce following five major measures. Table top drill, Equipment and instruments for safe navigation, Analysis of cause of accident and enforcement of preventive measures, Anti-piracy and anti-terrorist attack measures and Secure supply of excellent seaman.
1. Tabletop drill
We conduct a tabletop drill twice a year so that we can implement the proper initial response to accidents. With the moving of the head office of our group to a new location in November 2007, the training for the second half of fiscal year 2007 was conducted with the objective of confirming that the emergency response center created at the new head office would securely function as the Emergency Headquarters in the event of an accident.
Simulated accident details for the drill
13:00, April 17, 2008
Northeast sea offshore from Australia
Bulk Carrier Amakusa Island, owned by our group's FOC company
On April 13, the vessel loaded 80,000 tons of coal at New Castle Port in Australia and was on a voyage to Reihoku (Amakusa, Kumamoto Prefecture).
They met heavy wind and rain form the morning of the14th to the night of the16th.
The following 17th, the chief officer noticed that the vessel heeled to the starboard side and was not in balance.
|Actions taken on the vessel:||
The chief officer conferred with the captain and ordered all deckhands to confirm all ballast tanks and storage compartments and the chief engineer to check the fuel oil tank.
As a result of the investigation, it was confirmed that No.2 ballast tank on the starboard side, which was drained completely when loading at New Castle Port, was flooding and the depth of the water was 13m.
At 13:00 on the 17th, the captain reported this to the Designated Person at the head office of Iino Marine Service Co.,Ltd. (hereinafter IMS)
|Actions taken at the head office:||
Upon receiving this report, IMS immediately established an Emergency Headquarters in the Emergency Response Center on the 7th floor of the Shiba-Daimon Front Bldg.with the IMS president acting as the HQ director.
|Actions taken on the vessel (2):||
On the vessel, when draining the water from No.2 ballast tank on the starboard side, a fissure of about 1m in length was discovered.
At 13:15, the captain reported this as a secondary report to IMS.
|Actions taken at the head office (2):||
IMS contacted the related departments within the group regarding this secondary report.
They requested that the vessel submit an accident report in the Nippon Kaiji Kyoukai (NK) format, and after the report was received, they contacted the NK technical support division to request emergency support.
The vessel was instructed to maintain the balance of ballast water until temporary repairs could be done.
The equipment in the Emergency Response Center worked properly, and it was confirmed that the center was able to function as an emergency headquarters.
Additionally, issues were raised regarding the method of receiving the first report on the accident and how to contact the president and other related parties, as well as how to maintain communications between the Emergency Headquarters and other related departments; the procedures were reconfirmed with all related parties to prepare for future instances.
2. Equipment and instruments for safe navigation
Our vessels are equipped with an extensive array of equipment and instruments, most of which relate to safety. We are obligated to install most of the equipment and instruments by the rules and regulations stipulated by SOLAS (Safety of Life at Sea) and the ISM Code.
To enhance navigational safety, we also equip our vessels with the following equipment and instruments, which are not required by rules.
- Oil Mist Detector
Fuel oil and lubricant oil flow under high pressure in the engine room, and if pipes and other equipment are damaged, the oil blows out in the form of mist resulting in a fire or explosion. The oil mist detector constantly monitors the oil-mist concentration in the room, and when it detects more than a set amount, an alarm is activated to prevent an accident from happening.
- ECDIS (Electronic Chart Display and Information Systems)
Because ECDIS offers electronic information, it is easier to obtain a marine chart that reflects the latest sea-road and minesweeping information, and the system is user-friendly as well. Additionally, the charts can be displayed on radar, providing the advantage of recognizing the location of the vessel on the marine chart.
3. Analysis of Cause of Accident and Enforcement of Preventive Measures
Every year we set a target accident rate (accidents per voyage) as a key performance indicator (KPI) to provide a year-by-year analysis of accident trends. According to such an analysis, we take preventive measures to reduce the actual accident rate as much as possible.
The KPIs are used to keep track of accident trends, while the causes of accidents are divided into the four categories of Man, Machine, Media (information/environment), and Management for analysis of the causes in order to prevent accidents.
The number of accidents in fiscal year 2007 increased by two compared with the previous year, however, the accident rate (accidents per voyage) decreased.
4. Anti-piracy and anti-terrorist attack measures
Piracy incidents involving vessels, which were reported worldwide, have decreased after peaking in 2003 with 445 incidents; however, there was an increase in 2007 with 263 incidents.
In March 2005, an incident involving a Japanese vessel occurred in the Straits of Malacca. "Idaten", a Japanese tugboat was attacked by armed pirates, and three crew members including the Japanese captain and chief engineer were kidnapped but later released. And in October 2007, a chemical tanker belonging to a Japanese Shipping company was hijacked by armed Somalian pirates in the Gulf of Aden, and the vessel and engineer crew were finally released after negotiations that lasted a month and a half. In April 2008, again in the Gulf of Aden, a crude oil tanker operated by a major Japanese shipping company was shot at and a hole was shot in the tank, causing the fuel oil to leak.
When looking at it by region, in 2007 the African region of Nigeria, Somalia, the Red Sea, and the Gulf of Aden overtook the Southeast Asian region of Indonesia and the Straits of Malacca and became the area with the highest number of piracy incidents in the world.
In recent years the pirates are armed and increasingly violent and in some cases terrorists have committed acts of piracy as well.
Once an armed pirate gets on board, it is extremely difficult to handle. Therefore we consider it crucial to prevent pirates from boarding the vessel. As part of the anti-piracy measures, we have equipped each of our vessels with two xenon lights (extremely intense portable searchlights) and an iridium satellite telephone system to establish communications from any point around the world. We have also installed anti-piracy sensors in dangerous waters. In addition to these measures, we have incorporated the Anti-piracy Contingency Procedures into our Safety Management Manuals to ensure increased safety. Moreover, as an anti-seajack measure, we introduced the Position Polling System, a vessel tracking system using the Inmarsat C vessel satellite communications system.
Thanks to these measures, none of our vessels have experienced an attack in the past ten years. On July 1, 2004, the International Ship and Port Safety Code (ISPS Code) took effect. We have implemented powerful anti-piracy and antiterrorist measures, including a Ship Security Alert System (SSAS) that allows any of our ships under attack to transmit alarm signals with its ID code, name, and position as well as the time of the attack.
5. Secure supply of excellent seamen
Iino Marine Service Co., Ltd., works in cooperation with colleges and universities in Japan and overseas, supporting the younger generation who wish to become seamen by accepting interns and providing scholarships, and working to secure a supply of excellent seamen.
In Japan, in cooperation with Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology (established by merging Tokyo University of Mercantile Marine and Tokyo University of Fisheries in 2003) and Kobe University (integrated with the Kobe University of Mercantile Marine in 2003 to become the Faculty of Maritime Sciences), we accept several students every year as an internship as part of the college education. Additionally, it has strong ties with the National Fisheries University in Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi Prefecture.
And overseas, we are strengthening our relationship with educational institutions in three countries in Asia, South Korea, the Philippines and Myanmar.
We accept dozens of students from Mokpo National Maritime University in South Korea every year for a prerequisite practical boarding training in vessels under our control, helping to provide seamen training in South Korea. We have also established a scholarship program. In the Philippines, we have a scholarship program at the Visayan Global College, University of Cebu and the MAAP (Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific) providing funding for dozens of students.
In Myanmar, in cooperation with MMU (Myanmar Maritime University), we accept several students for practical boarding training and also provide a scholarship.
These measures for safety were taken by Iino Marine Service Co., Ltd., who was awarded the Green Award certificate in October 2004. They were the first ship management company in Japan to receive the Green Award certificate and they continue to be the only company with this honor.
- * Green Award Foundation
Green Award Foundation established in 1994 by the Dutch Ministry of Transport and Water Management and the Rotterdam Municipal Port Authority, is operated under the purpose of promoting ship safety and preventing marine pollution around the world..